AP World History: Modern
An introductory college-level modern world history course.

Students cultivate their understanding of world history from c. 1200 CE to the present through analyzing historical sources and learning to make connections and craft historical arguments as they explore concepts like humans and the environment, cultural developments and interactions, governance, economic systems, social interactions and organization, and technology and innovation.

Historical Thinking Skills
The updated AP World History: Modern framework included in the course and exam description outlines distinct skills that students should practice throughout the year—skills that will help them learn to think and act like historians.

Geographical Coverage
The AP World History: Modern course requires that students learn world history from a global
perspective. Balanced coverage of the regions within the course ensures that a single region
is not situated at the center of the historical narrative.

Students need basic geographical knowledge in order to understand world history.

Geospatial awareness is also essential for students to build an understanding of the
cross-cultural contacts, trade routes, migrations, etc., which are important concepts in
the AP World History course.

The two maps that follow give students a starting point for identifying regions and their
locations relative to other regions and landforms. These maps are a reference point for teachers
and students alike. Because geographic naming conventions are not universal, these maps
define regions and show the locations and commonly used names of regions that students are

likely to encounter on the AP World History Exam.
1. The Americas
2. Europe
3. Africa
4. Asia
5. Oceania
1. North America
2. Latin America
Including Mesoamerica...
& South America
3. North Africa
4. West Africa
5. Central Africa
6. Southern Africa
7. East Africa
8. Middle East 
9. Central Asia
10. South Asia
11. East Asia
12. Southeast Asia

Exam Format
The AP World History: Modern Exam will continue to have consistent question types, weighting, and scoring guidelines every year, so you know what to expect on exam day. The overall format of the exam—including the weighting, timing, and number of questions in each exam section—won’t change.

2019 FRQ - Free Response Questions (includes SAQ, DBQ, & LEQ)